- burnburn1 [bʉrn]vt.burned or burnt, burning [ME brennen, bernen, burnen < ON & OE: ON brenna, to burn, light; OE bærnan, to kindle (akin to Goth brannjan, to cause to burn) & beornan, to be on fire, metathetic < Gmc * brinnan < IE * bhre-n-u- < base * bhereu-, to boil forth, well up > BOURN1, BREAD, L fervere, Welsh brydis, to boil]1. to set on fire or subject to combustion, as in order to produce heat, light, or power2. to destroy by fire3. to put to death by fire4. to injure or damage by fire or something with the effect of fire, as intense heat, friction, or acid; scorch, singe, scald, etc.5. to consume as fuel [to burn much gasoline]6. to transform (body fat, etc.) into energy by metabolism7. to sunburn8. to brand9. to cauterize10. to harden or glaze (bricks, pottery, etc.) by fire; fire11. to cause by fire, heat, etc. [to burn a hole in a coat]12. to cause a sensation of heat in [the horseradish burns the throat]13. to use (candles, lights, heaters, etc.) [Informal]14. Comput.Comput. Informal to copy (data, a digital sound file, etc.) onto (a compact disc) by means of a laser☆ 15. Slang to electrocute16. Slanga) to cheat, swindle, or robb) to cause to suffer through misplaced trust or confidence: usually used in the passivevi.1. to be on fire; flame; blaze2. to undergo combustion3. to give out light or heat; shine; glow4. to be destroyed by fire or heat5. to be injured or damaged by or as by fire or heat; become scorched, singed, etc.6. to die by fire7. to feel hot8. to be excited or inflamed, as with desire, anger, etc.☆ 9. Slang to be electrocutedn.1. an injury or damage caused by fire, heat, radiation, wind, caustics, etc.: in medicine, burns are classified as first-degree burn, reddening, second-degree burn, blistering, and third-degree burn, destruction of the skin and the tissues under it2. the process or result of burning, as in brick making☆ 3. a single firing of a rocket or thruster on a space vehicle——————burn downto burn to the ground——————burn into darken (certain areas on a print produced from a photographic negative) by exposing them to more light——————burn out1. to cease burning through lack of fuel2. to disintegrate or wear out by heat from friction, etc.3. to destroy the home, business, etc. of by fire4. to exhaust (oneself) or become exhausted from overwork, stress, or dissipation——————burn up1. to burn completely☆ 2. Slang to make or become angry——————☆ to burnInformal in excess [money to burn]SYN.- BURN1 is the broadest term in this comparison, denoting injury to any extent by fire, intense heat, friction, acid, etc. [a burnt log, sunburned, windburned]; SCORCH and SINGE both imply superficial burning, SCORCH emphasizing discoloration or damaging of texture [to scorch a shirt in ironing ], and SINGE, the burning off, often intentional, of bristles, feathers, the ends of hair, etc.; SEAR1 implies the burning of animal tissue and is applied specifically to the quick browning of the outside, as of roasts, in cooking to seal in the juices; CHAR1 implies a reduction by burning to charcoal or carbon. All of these terms have figurative applications [a burning desire, a scorching tirade, a singed reputation, a soul- searing experience, charred hopes ]burn2 [bʉrn]n.[ME burne,BOURN1]Scot. a brook
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.